Bavarian State Opera

The Bavarian State Opera (German: Bayerische Staatsoper) is an opera company based in Munich, Germany. Its orchestra is the Bavarian State Orchestra. The company's home base is the National Theatre Munich.

History

National Theatre Munich interior

The parent ensemble of the company was founded in 1653, under Electress consort Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, when Giovanni Battista Maccioni's L'arpa festante was performed in the court theatre.[1] In 1753, the Residence Theatre (Cuvilliés Theatre) was opened as a major stage.[2] While opera performances were also held in the Prinzregententheater (completed in 1901),[3] the company's home base is the National Theatre Munich on Max-Joseph-Platz.[4]

In 1875, the Munich Opera Festival took place for the first time. Sir Peter Jonas became the Staatsoper Staatsintendant (General Director) in 1993,[5] the first British Intendant of any major German speaking opera house. In 2008, Nikolaus Bachler became General Director of the opera company. The current Generalmusikdirektor (GMD) of the company is Kirill Petrenko, since 2013. In 2014, the Bavarian State Opera received the Opernhaus des Jahres (Opera house of the year) award from Opernwelt magazine.[6] In October 2015, the company announced the extensions of the current respective contracts of Bachler and of Petrenko through August 2021. Petrenko is scheduled to work as a guest conductor with the company in the final year of his current contract, the 2020–2021 season.[7][8] Both Bachler and Petrenko are scheduled to stand down from their respective posts at the close of the 2020-2021 season. In March 2018, the company announced the appointments of Serge Dorny as its next Intendant, and of Vladimir Jurowski as its next Generalmusikdirektor, both effective with the 2021-2022 season.[9]

General directors (Intendanten)

General Music Directors

Famous world premieres

Date Opera Composer Libretto Location
000000001753-10-02-00002 October 1753 Catone in Utica Ferrandini Metastasio Residence Theatre
000000001775-01-13-000013 January 1775 La finta giardiniera Mozart Petrosellini, GiuseppeGiuseppe Petrosellini(?) Salvator Theatre
000000001781-01-29-000029 January 1781 Idomeneo Mozart Varesco, GiambattistaGiambattista Varesco Residence Theatre
000000001782-02-01-00001 February 1782 Semiramide Salieri Metastasio Residence Theatre
000000001807-01-27-000027 January 1807 Iphigenie in Aulis Danzi, FranzFranz Danzi Reger, KarlKarl Reger Residence Theatre
000000001811-06-04-00004 June 1811 Abu Hassan Weber Hiemer, Franz CarlFranz Carl Hiemer Residence Theatre
000000001812-12-23-000023 December 1812 Jephtas Gelübde Meyerbeer Schreiber, AloysAloys Schreiber Residence Theatre
000000001865-06-10-000010 June 1865 Tristan und Isolde Wagner Wagner National Theatre
000000001868-06-21-000021 June 1868 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg Wagner Wagner National Theatre
000000001869-09-22-000022 September 1869 Das Rheingold Wagner Wagner National Theatre
000000001870-06-26-000026 June 1870 Die Walküre Wagner Wagner National Theatre
000000001888-06-29-000029 June 1888 Die Feen Wagner Wagner National Theatre
000000001897-01-23-000023 January 1897 Königskinder (Melodrama) Humperdinck Bernstein, ElsaElsa Bernstein National Theatre
000000001897-10-10-000010 October 1897 Sarema von Zemlinsky, AlexanderAlexander von Zemlinsky von Zemlinsky, Alexander and AdolfAlexander and Adolf von Zemlinsky, Arnold Schönberg National Theatre
000000001899-01-22-000022 January 1899 Der Bärenhäuter Wagner, SiegfriedSiegfried Wagner Wagner, SiegfriedSiegfried Wagner National Theatre
000000001903-11-27-000027 November 1903 Le donne curiose Wolf-Ferrari Sugana, LuigiLuigi Sugana (German by Hermann Teibler) Residence Theatre
000000001906-03-19-000019 March 1906 I quatro rusteghi Wolf-Ferrari Pizzolato, GiuseppeGiuseppe Pizzolato (German by Hermann Teibler) National Theatre
000000001906-12-11-000011 December 1906 Das Christ-Elflein Pfitzner, HansHans Pfitzner Pfitzner and Ilse von Stach National Theatre
000000001909-12-04-00004 December 1909 Il segreto di Susanna Wolf-Ferrari Golisciani, EnricoEnrico Golisciani (German by Max Kalbeck) National Theatre
000000001916-03-28-000028 March 1916 Der Ring des Polykrates / Violanta Korngold Feld, LeoLeo Feld and Julius Korngold / Hans Müller-Einigen National Theatre
000000001917-06-12-000012 June 1917 Palestrina Pfitzner, HansHans Pfitzner Pfitzner Prinzregententheater
000000001920-11-30-000030 November 1920 Die Vögel Braunfels, WalterWalter Braunfels Braunfels (play by Aristophanes) National Theatre
000000001938-07-24-000024 July 1938 Friedenstag Strauss, RichardRichard Strauss Gregor, JosephJoseph Gregor and Stefan Zweig National Theatre
000000001939-02-05-00005 February 1939 Der Mond Orff, CarlCarl Orff Orff National Theatre
000000001957-08-11-000011 August 1957 Die Harmonie der Welt Hindemith, PaulPaul Hindemith Hindemith Prinzregententheater
000000001978-07-09-00009 July 1978 Lear Reimann, AribertAribert Reimann Henneberg, Claus H.Claus H. Henneberg National Theatre
000000001991-07-06-00006 July 1991 Ubu Rex Penderecki Penderecki and Jerzy Jarocki (play by Alfred Jarry) National Theatre
000000002003-07-17-000017 July 2003 Das Gesicht im Spiegel Widmann, JörgJörg Widmann Schimmelpfennig, RolandRoland Schimmelpfennig Cuvilliés Theatre
000000002007-06-30-000030 June 2007 Alice in Wonderland Chin, UnsukUnsuk Chin Hwang, David HenryDavid Henry Hwang National Theatre
000000002010-02-22-000022 February 2010 Die Tragödie des Teufels Eötvös, PeterPeter Eötvös Ostermaier, AlbertAlbert Ostermaier National Theatre
000000002012-10-27-000027 October 2012 Babylon Widmann, JörgJörg Widmann Sloterdijk, PeterPeter Sloterdijk National Theatre

References

  1. ^ Warrack, John (2001). German Opera: From the Beginnings to Wagner, pp. 27–28. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521235324
  2. ^ Brug, Manuel (16 June 2008). "München hat ein neues Rokoko-Prachtstück". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  3. ^ Frank, Werner (10 March 2001). "Klein-Bayreuth an der Isar". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Schönbauer, Sina (15 June 2016). "Die Bayerische Staatsoper ist die drittgrößte Bühne Europas". Focus (in German). Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  5. ^ Spahn, Claus (19 November 1993). "Die Droge Oper". Die Zeit (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  6. ^ "Bayerische Staatsoper ist Opernhaus des Jahres" (Press release). Munich: Die Welt. dpa. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  7. ^ "Kirill Petrenko und Nikolaus Bachler verlängern ihre Verträge" (Press release). Bavarian State Opera. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-14. 
  8. ^ Matthias Wulff (13 October 2015). "Kirill Petrenko kommt später als erwartet nach Berlin". Berliner Morgenpost. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  9. ^ Michael Cooper (2018-03-06). "An Opera Powerhouse, Munich, Picks Its Next Leaders". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-03-07.