Bavarian State Opera

Bavarian State Opera (German: Bayerische Staatsoper) is an opera company based in Munich, Germany. Its orchestra is the Bavarian State Orchestra. The company's home base is the National Theatre Munich.

History

National Theatre Munich interior

The opera company which was founded under Electress consort Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy has been in existence since 1653, when Giovanni Battista Maccioni's L'arpa festante was performed in the court theatre.[1] In 1753 the Residence Theatre (Cuvilliés Theatre) was opened as a major stage.[2] While opera performances were also held in the Prinzregententheater (completed in 1901),[3] the company's home base is the National Theatre Munich on Max-Joseph-Platz.[4]

In 1875, the Munich Opera Festival took place for the first time which nowadays can be viewed as one of the most important opera festivals worldwide.

Sir Peter Jonas became the Staatsoper Staatsintendant (General Director) in 1993,[5] the first British Intendant of any major German speaking opera house. In 2008, Nikolaus Bachler became General Director of the opera company. The current Generalmusikdirektor (GMD) of the company is Kirill Petrenko, since 2013. In 2014, the Bavarian State Opera received the magazine Opernwelt's award Opernhaus des Jahres (Opera house of the year).[6] In October 2015, the company announced the extensions of the current respective contracts of Bachler and of Petrenko through August 2021. Petrenko is scheduled to work as a guest conductor with the company in the final year of his current contract, the 2020–2021 season.[7][8]

Opera general directors

General Music Directors

Famous world premieres

Date Opera Composer Libretto Location
2 October 1753 Catone in Utica Giovanni Battista Ferrandini Metastasio Residence Theatre
13 January 1775 La finta giardiniera Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Giuseppe Petrosellini(?) Salvator Theatre
29 January 1781 Idomeneo Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Giambattista Varesco Residence Theatre
1 February 1782 Semiramide Antonio Salieri Metastasio Residence Theatre
27 January 1807 Iphigenie in Aulis Franz Danzi Karl Reger Residence Theatre
4 June 1811 Abu Hassan Carl Maria von Weber Franz Carl Hiemer Residence Theatre
23 December 1812 Jephtas Gelübde Giacomo Meyerbeer Aloys Schreiber Residence Theatre
10 June 1865 Tristan und Isolde Richard Wagner Richard Wagner National Theatre Munich
21 June 1868 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg Richard Wagner Richard Wagner National Theatre Munich
22 September 1869 Das Rheingold Richard Wagner Richard Wagner National Theatre Munich
26 June 1870 Die Walküre Richard Wagner Richard Wagner National Theatre Munich
29 June 1888 Die Feen Richard Wagner Richard Wagner National Theatre Munich
23 January 1897 Königskinder (Melodrama) Engelbert Humperdinck Elsa Bernstein National Theatre Munich
10 October 1897 Sarema Alexander von Zemlinsky Alexander and Adolf von Zemlinszky, Arnold Schoenberg National Theatre Munich
22 January 1899 Der Bärenhäuter Siegfried Wagner Siegfried Wagner National Theatre Munich
27 November 1903 Le donne curiose Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Luigi Sugana (German by Hermann Teibler) Residence Theater
19 March 1906 I quatro rusteghi Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Giuseppe Pizzolato (German by Hermann Teibler) National Theatre Munich
11 December 1906 Das Christelflein Hans Pfitzner Hans Pfitzner and Ilse von Stach National Theatre Munich
4 December 1909 Il segreto di Susanna Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Enrico Golisciani (German by Max Kalbeck) National Theatre Munich
28 March 1916 Der Ring des Polykrates / Violanta Erich Wolfgang Korngold Leo Feld and Julius Korngold / Hans Müller-Einigen National Theatre Munich
12 June 1917 Palestrina Hans Pfitzner Hans Pfitzner Prinzregententheater
30 November 1920 Die Vögel Walter Braunfels Walter Braunfels (play by Aristophanes) National Theatre Munich
24 July 1938 Friedenstag Richard Strauss Joseph Gregor and Stefan Zweig National Theatre Munich
5 February 1939 Der Mond Carl Orff Carl Orff National Theatre Munich
11 August 1957 Die Harmonie der Welt Paul Hindemith Paul Hindemith Prinzregententheater
9 July 1978 Lear Aribert Reimann Claus H. Henneberg National Theatre Munich
6 July 1991 Ubu Rex Krzysztof Penderecki Krzysztof Penderecki and Jerzy Jarocki (play by Alfred Jarry) National Theatre Munich
17 July 2003 Das Gesicht im Spiegel Jörg Widmann Roland Schimmelpfennig Cuvilliés Theatre
30 June 2007 Alice in Wonderland Unsuk Chin David Henry Hwang National Theatre Munich
27 October 2012 Babylon Jörg Widmann Peter Sloterdijk National Theatre Munich

References

  1. ^ Warrack, John (2001). German Opera: From the Beginnings to Wagner, pp. 27–28. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521235324
  2. ^ Brug, Manuel (16 June 2008). "München hat ein neues Rokoko-Prachtstück". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  3. ^ Frank, Werner (10 March 2001). "Klein-Bayreuth an der Isar". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Schönbauer, Sina (15 June 2016). "Die Bayerische Staatsoper ist die drittgrößte Bühne Europas". Focus (in German). Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  5. ^ Spahn, Claus (19 November 1993). "Die Droge Oper". Die Zeit (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  6. ^ "Bayerische Staatsoper ist Opernhaus des Jahres" (Press release). Munich: Die Welt. dpa. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  7. ^ "Kirill Petrenko und Nikolaus Bachler verlängern ihre Verträge" (Press release). Bavarian State Opera. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-14. 
  8. ^ Matthias Wulff (13 October 2015). "Kirill Petrenko kommt später als erwartet nach Berlin". Berliner Morgenpost. Retrieved 14 October 2015.